Local Land Measurement Units in India

Local Land Measurement Units in India

India is a diverse country that is clearly reflected in various aspects of this country. When it comes to local land measurement units in India, the land measurement units tend to vary from one state to another. If we look towards the northern region then the measurements that come into play within this region are Bigha, Biswa, Marla, Kanal, Kattha, and others. 

In the southern part of the country, Ground, Cent, Ankanam, and Guntha units are used. Popular measurement units are Chatak, Dhur, Kattha, and Lecha in East Indian states such as Tripura, Assam, and West Bengal, while Bigha, Biswa, Biswansi are extremely common in the western states such as Gujarat and Rajasthan. 

Key Standard Units of Measuring Land

Since the local land measurement system is not completely non-existent yet.  But the standard units of land are still considered the apex units for land measurement in India and these standards units are widely used, accepted, and recognized as the hallmark of land measurement in India. These units are Square feet, acres, Square yards, Square meters, etc. 

Let's try to understand how the Indian land conversion chart works, the land measurement conversion table, and standard measurement units.

 

Units

Conversion 

States

Details

1 Bigha 

968 square yard

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand

 

1 Bigha pucca

3025 square yard

Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh

1 pucca Bigha=165sq.ft

1 Bigha kacha

1008.33 square yard

Parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh

Kachha Bigha=? of pucca Bigha

1 Biswa 

48.4 square yard

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswa Pucca

151.25 square yard

Northern parts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha (Pucca)

1 Biswa Kaccha 

50.417 square yard

Parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha (Kaccha) 

1 Biswansi

1/20 Biswa

UP, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal, and Uttarakhand

1 Biswa = 20 Biswansis

1 Killa

4840 square yard

Parts of Haryana and Punjab

1 Killa = 1 acre

1 Ghumaun 

4840 square yard

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab

1Ghumaun = 1 acre

1 Decimal

48.4 Square yard

West Bengal

1 acre = 100 decimals

1 Dhur

68.0625 sq.ft

Bihar and Jharkhand

1 Kattha = 20 Dhurs

1 Kattha

3.6 sq.ft

Tripura

1 Kattha = 20 Dhurs

1 Chatak 

180 sq.ft 

West Bengal

16 Chatak = 1 Kattha

1 Kattha

2880 sq.ft 

Assam 

1 Bigha = 5 katthas 

1 Kattha 

720 sq.ft 

Bengal

1 Bigha = 20 katthas 

1 Lecha

144 sq.ft 

Assam 

20 lechas = 1 katthas

1 Bigha

Pucca 3025 sq.yard 

Bihar and parts of Rajasthan

1 Bigha = 165ft × 165ft 

1 Bigha

1936 sq.yard 

Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan

1 Bigha = 132 ft × 132 ft 

1 Biswa

Pucca 151.25 sq yd

Northern parts of Rajasthan

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswa 

96.8 sq.yd 

Lower parts of Rajasthan

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswansi

1/20 Biswa

Rajasthan

 

1 Bigha

1333.33 sq.yd

Parts of Madhya Pradesh

 

1 Kattha

600 sq.ft 

Madhya Pradesh

1 Bigha = 20 katthas


 

Process of Measuring the Land Area 

In every residential area, be it a village, layout, colony, or a private gated community there are certain norms to be followed while dividing the area into residential plots. To measure the land area, the first thing to be done is making a layout and then deriving the size of the land from that sketch. After making the rough estimates for the land covered by roads, parks, community spaces, amenities, the exact land area is calculated. A sale deed would be made for the same. The total length and width of the land are calculated to determine the exact land area.    

 

Now let's have a look at the Land Measurement Conversion Table

Length in Unit 

Conversion factor

1 centimeter

10mm, 0.1 m

1 chain 

66 ft, 22 yds (gaj), 100 links (Kadi), 4 rods

1 foot (ft.)

12 inches, 30.48 cm 

1 furlong

660 ft, 220 yds, 40 rods, 10 chains

1 Gaj

1 yd, 0.91444 m, 3 ft, 36 in

1 Gattha

5.5 hath, 2.75 yds, 8.25 ft, 99 in

1 Hath

0.5 yd, 18 in, 1.5 ft

1 inch (in)

2.54 cm, 0.0833 ft

1 Jarib (Shahjahani)

165 ft

1 Jarib (Gantari)

132 ft

1 Karam

66 in, 5.5 ft

1 Kilometres

1000m, 3280.84 ft

1 meter

100 cm, 39.3701 in, 3.28084 ft

1 mile (ml)

1.60934 km, 5280

1milimeter 

0.1 cm, 0.001m

1 perch

16.5 sqft, 5.5 yd

1 yard

1 Gaj, 3 ft, 36 in, 0.91444 m


Key Measurements Conversion: 

1 hectare = 2.5 Acres

1 Acre = 40 Guntas, 100 cents, 605 Ankanam, 4046.86 sq.mtrs., 4840 sq yards, 43560 sq.ft. 

1 sq.metre = 1.190 sq.yds, 10.76 sq.fts.